Teeth come in many different varieties, including the incisors, premolars, and cuspids. The latter type is the second most common to impact when a child develops their adult teeth. Understand this problem — and its treatment options — to avoid complications with a child’s oral health.
Importance of Cuspids
The cuspids — or canine teeth — provide many benefits that make them critical for oral health. First of all, cuspids tear into tough food, like meat, to make these foods more manageable to eat. Second, they help you to speak. And third, they support the surrounding teeth.
The development of cuspid teeth typically occurs when a child is between 11 and 13 years old. Before that age, a child’s teeth don’t have the same kind of sharp edge provided by the cuspids. However, cuspid growth may be complicated by impaction in the jaw.
Consequences of Impacted Cuspids
As adult teeth grow into a child’s mouth, the risk of impaction grows. This problem occurs when the tooth is blocked and unable to erupt from the jaw properly. For example, a cuspid may grow underneath of another tooth and threaten to damage that tooth with its growth.
Other issues include eruption behind other teeth or in front of them. Improper cuspid eruption affects not only a child’s overall dental health but their physical appearance as well. Therefore, treating erupted cuspids is critical to perform as early as possible.
Reasons Cuspids Impact
Impacted cuspids occur for a multitude of reasons. Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition for this problem. As a result, parents who suffered from impacted cuspids need to track their child’s teeth growth to ensure that this issue doesn’t affect them as well.
The late development cycle of cuspids may also contribute to a higher risk for impaction. Typically, an impacted tooth occurs when little room is left in the mouth for its growth. As the mature cuspid may develop or grow after most of a child’s adult teeth have grown in the mouth, the risk for impaction is higher than with other teeth.
Treatment for Impacted Cuspids
Parents concerned about their child’s impacted cuspids have many treatment options. First of all, early detection is critical. X-rays and other schematic examinations of oral health provide parents and dentists with a better understanding of how a child’s teeth are growing.
If the dentist notices problems with the cuspids, they can relocate the tooth and avoid impaction problems. For example, autotransplantation carefully repositions the tooth in a way that avoids impact and keeps the canine straight and strong in the mouth. Another possibility is to use braces to move the teeth interfering with the cuspid’s growth.
These two treatment options help prevent the need for a dental implant or prosthesis to replace the extracted cuspid. Dentists only recommend extraction if the impaction is too severe to manage or if the root of the tooth is severely damaged.
After these treatments finish, parents should regularly take their child to the dentist to track potential complications. For example, the tooth may still try to grow improperly in the mouth after some surgeries or may suffer rejection from the gums. If these issues develop, other surgical methods may be necessary for correction.
Dentists Help Manage Cuspid Development
If your child’s cuspid teeth appear to be coming in improperly or trigger severe pain in their mouth, please don’t hesitate to contact or visit us at Kenneth M. Schweizer, DDS, PA, right away to learn more about this issue. Our dental professionals will examine your child’s mouth, find out why their cuspids are impacting, and work hard to manage this problem as effectively as possible.